INSULATION – a multilayer question about using the right stuff.
What is the “right” stuff?
Why do we need insulation? Where do we need it? What is it made of? How much do we need? Will the material change? What are sustainable building components?
When insulating your home, you can choose from many types of insulation. To choose the best type of insulation, you should first determine the following: Where you want or need to add insulation and recommended R-Values for that designated area.
Alternatives that require less production energy are available and consist of prepared wood/cellulose. The material is fully reusable.
The use of straw could also be considered. Flax is used in some constructions, as well as shavings. Cork is also applicable to some extent. Cork does not require specific added materials or glue and is prepared with low energy investments. We can use more natural material in our houses to reduce the loss of heat.
Material such as peat and perlite. The insulation materials are divided into three groups: Natural fibers, minerals, and oil-based products. Regardless of what you choose, you must always take into consideration the vapor that needs to soak through different types of barriers.
Loss of heat is mainly concentrated on the ventilation (30%), walls (20%), windows (25%), roof (5%), drain water (17%) and floors (3%).
Your house is full of money!
You can also cut costs by adding heat when needed. UV-drapes to attract heat and/or drapes to prevent convection.
As you read this, new materials are invented, more efficient with less strain on our resource and probably more durable and less noticeable. The building hasn´t been this fun since man found the first inhabitable cave.
Take care of your house, it will take care of you and provide a sustainable Earth for us all.